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Video of Paris gunman raises questions of affiliations


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Video of Paris gunman raises questions of affiliations
By BRIAN ROHAN, LORI HINNANT and DIAA HADID

PARIS (AP) — Two days after his death, a video emerged Sunday of one of the Paris gunmen pledging allegiance to the Islamic State group, while his two fellow militants have claimed to be from al-Qaida — a fiercely rival extremist organization.

That seeming contradiction has raised questions about the connections among the three French attackers, whether they acted with the direct involvement or knowledge of the networks, and whether their friendship allowed them to put aside the rift between the groups.

The Islamic State group does not cooperate with al-Qaida's militants and actually fights them for territory in a side conflict of Syria's civil war.

In video verified by the SITE Intelligence Group, Amedy Coulibaly said he had worked in coordination with Said and Cherif Kouachi, the "brothers from our team," who carried out the massacre at the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo on Wednesday.

"We did things a bit together and a bit apart, so that it'd have more impact," he said in fluent French, adding that he had helped the brothers financially with "a few thousand euros" for the operation. The video also showed him doing pushups, and featured automatic rifles, pistols and ammunition. He spoke beneath the black-and-white flag used by many Islamic militants.

Coulibaly explained why the publication and his target — the kosher supermarket — were selected.

"What we are doing is completely legitimate, given what they are doing," he said.

The video appeared Sunday on militant websites, and two men who dealt drugs with Coulibaly confirmed his identify to The Associated Press. Police said they were investigating the conditions under which the video was posted.

Prosecutors said Coulibaly killed four hostages Friday in the supermarket, killed a policewoman, and shot and wounded a jogger. He died when police stormed the market, just minutes after security forces killed the Kouachi brothers.

Survivors say the Charlie Hebdo attackers claimed they were from al-Qaida in Yemen, the group the U.S. considers the most dangerous offshoot of that network.

But experts cast doubt over whether the attacks could have been coordinated by the rival groups. While Cherif Kouachi was convicted on terrorism charges in 2008, and his brother Said is believed to have trained and fought with al-Qaida forces while in Yemen, no evidence to date has emerged as to whether Coulibaly even went to Syria or Iraq, where IS holds territory. His widow was last traced to a town on the Turkey-Syria border a few days before the Paris attacks unfolded.

Since IS broke with al-Qaida last year, militants from the two groups have been locked in a bloody struggle in Iraq and Syria, where IS claims leadership of a universal caliphate of all Muslims and leadership of global jihad. The two groups have fought each other in battles that have left hundreds dead on both sides.

"It would be a massive surprise," said Peter Neumann, director of the International Centre for the Study of Radicalization at King's College London. "The idea that (the two groups) would consciously collaborate on operations abroad seems far-fetched."

"If anything, the most likely scenario is that there was some sort of playing off each other. Maybe — if there was synchronizing — it happened at the grassroots level," he said. Coulibaly's attack was far less professional, and appeared to be more spontaneous.

"He seems to be the prototype of the young, disengaged French Muslim who suffers from this sense of alienation, and then comes (to support an) ideology that makes him feel important, clear-cut and gives him purpose and orientation."

Timothy Holman, a researcher at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) in Singapore, said the attackers represented who they wish to be perceived as representing, and had personal ties that likely surpassed the rivalries between the core extremist leadership abroad.

The Kouachis' link to Yemen also existed before the rift between IS and al-Qaida.

The friendship among the gunmen "predates their militant engagement, and they are fighting as much for each other in some ways as the groups," Holman said.

"In my opinion, their loyalty is first to their friends and family in the jihadist environment and then to the group. If Coulibaly's primary loyalty was to (IS), it is unlikely he would have acted at the same time as the Kouachi brothers," he added.

French police and judicial officials said they believed that while Coulibaly was committed to carrying out an attack, he was less of a strict ideologue or well-honed fighter than were the Kouachis — and could have found inspiration from either al-Qaida or IS.

In their internationally aimed propaganda magazines, both extremist groups promote the idea that overseas attacks need not have organizational links to the main leadership, and that "mujahedeen," or holy warriors, should take matters into their own hands.

Thousands of young people from Western Europe have headed to the war zones in Syria and Iraq to join extremists. Lawyers and family members of some of those who have gone say many have only a hazy sense of who will meet them when they arrive. But security officials fear that they will return home with new training in warfare, nursing old grievances.

While a member of al-Qaida's branch in Yemen said anonymously Friday that the group had directed the Charlie Hebdo attack, the group has not issued an official statement on the matter. Its senior cleric praised the operation but also stopped short of claiming responsibility directly.

Regardless, even if the al-Qaida group did not know about the attacks in advance, jihadi fighters in the Middle East have a natural interest to claim such violence and present a unified front to adversaries — even if it sometimes goes against local positioning.

SITE reported late Sunday that Moktar Belmoktar, the head of the Mourabitoune group that split from al-Qaida's north Africa wing, had expressed praise in online jihadi forums for the Charlie Hebdo attack.

Aymenn al-Tamimi, a Britain-based expert on militant groups in Iraq and Syria, suggested the claims of loyalty to the rival jihadi groups aimed to stir up fears of militants uniting to fight the West.

Al-Qaida in Yemen may reject the Islamic State's declared caliphate, he said, "but they have stressed the necessity of supporting each other against the common enemy — which is, of course, the West."

Perhaps, al-Tamimi said, it was "to play on a bigger fear that the West has: that al-Qaida and the IS would come together for an attack," he added.
___

Rohan reported from Cairo, and Hadid reported from Beirut. Associated Press writer Joseph Krauss in Cairo contributed.

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-- (c) Associated Press 2015-01-12

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Actually the original video was quite clear...subsequently it seems to
be of much lower quality....

But that aside in the first video it was quite clear the shot was fired at his upper back went thru exiting what seemed like below his
left armpit & hit the sidewalk a bit further in front of him
As he slumped a visible growing pool of blood was forming under his left arm
Given the entry & exit possible to have been a heart lung wound
Why they keep saying head shot I do not know.

What I find interesting is this quote from this OP

"What we are doing is completely legitimate, given what they are doing," he said.
Edited by mania
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Who are RSIS, they sound like another splinter group?

S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) at Nanyang Technological University (NTU) was established on 1 January 2007. The school came about as an expansion of the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies (IDSS), which was established in 1996.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._Rajaratnam_School_of_International_Studies

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I resent the press giving column inches to such stuff. Ok, for CIA or MI6, because that's their biz. But articulating the supposed affiliations of the sickos who killed innocents in Paris, may have a spin-off effect - of bringing some youngsters closer to those radical groups. Example: if a killer is put away, but there's a lot of publicity, there can be copy-cats, and the killer will likely also get love letters from weirdos. In other words, putting out such non-news creates a sort-of familiarity for some people - who may be drawn to the fringes and/or identify with the 'rebel'. With familiarity, comes possibly joining that cause, no matter how warped. Some of the most notorious bank robbers of 19th century America became folk heroes for some, for those same sorts of reasons. There are thousands of examples of how that crap happens.

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